A Brief History of HOAs: Part IV

The concept of the common interest development (CID) was an outgrowth of the urban planning movement which traces its roots to the beginning of the 20th Century. Among the more notable influences on this new discipline was Sir Ebenezer Howard, an English gent who published the book, To-morrow: A Peaceful Path to Real Reform in … Continue reading A Brief History of HOAs: Part IV

A Brief History of HOAs: Part III

In previous installments of this series we examined the origins of the modern homeowners association beginning with the publication of Ebenezer Howard's 1902 book, Garden Cities of To-morrow and continuing through 2010, at which time an industry sponsored exit poll concluded that the number of HOAs in the United States was approximately 305,000. This total … Continue reading A Brief History of HOAs: Part III

A Brief History of the HOA: Part II

In the first installment we examined the evolution of the common interest development movement through the early 1960s, the point which arguably marks the beginning of the modern homeowner association (HOA) in America. We learned that the genesis of privatized residential government began with the publication of Ebenezer Howard's 1902 book Garden Cities of To-morrow, … Continue reading A Brief History of the HOA: Part II